With Kohler EFI engines, you can commonly face hard starting, rough idling, stalling and over-fueling issues. Moreover, faulty switches, fuel starvation, ignition malfunctioning, and choking difficulty are very frequent.
For each problem mentioned, see the immediate fixes in sequence.
- Change the low-power battery and bad fuel.
- Clean the MAF and TPS sensors.
- Remove dirt from the fuel filter, fuel line and air filter.
- Replace defective fuel pressure regulator and MAF sensor.
- Change the damaged starter switch.
- Add sufficient fuel and clean the oil filter.
- Replace faulty ignition components.
- Clean the smart choke unit.
Check the below sections for the in-depth discussion and fixes about Kohler EFI Engine Problems and there fixes.
1. Hard starting
A weak battery, clogged fuel line, bad fuel and dirty air filter can make the Kohler EFI engine challenging to start. Besides, faulty ignition components are sometimes liable.
In this case, you will face difficulty in starting the engine. The continuous starting attempts can reduce the engine’s lifespan. Also, an engine with the issue consumes more fuel.
How To Fix?
- Change the low-power battery: If the battery has low voltage, replace it with a fully charged one. Besides, change cables if they become corroded.
- Replace the fuel filter and use fresh fuel: If the fuel filter is clogged, replace it immediately. Clean the fuel line as well. Finally, use fresh and high-quality fuel free from debris.
- Clean dirty air filter: Remove dust and debris from the air filter. If cleaning it seems impossible, replace the filter.
- Replace faulty ignition components: Check and confirm that the ignition components, such as spark plug and ignition coil, are working properly. If they do not, replace the faulty one.
2. Rough idling
The Kohler EFI engine can have rough idling issues due to faulty sensors like MAF and TPS, vacuum leaks, and a dirty fuel injector.
If it occurs, you can experience excessive shaking while the mower is in idle condition. It can also stall the engine.
How To Fix?
- Check and clean the sensors: Inspect the MAF (mass airflow sensor) and TPS (throttle position sensor) carefully. If they are dirty, use the particular sensor cleaner to clean them. Or, you can go to a technician for professional cleaning. If they seem defective, replace them instantly.
- Change damaged vacuum hoses: If the vacuum hose of the engine is cracked, replacement is the only way to go.
- Clean fuel injector: Use a fuel injector cleaner to clean the dirty one so it can perform smoothly.
- Check the IACV: If the engine’s idle air control valve (IACV) is jammed, clean it using the throttle body cleaner. Replace the component if it is damaged.
Limited fuel supply, ignition system issues and air filter blockage are the primary reasons for Kohler EFI engine stalling. Besides, the defective crankshaft position sensor can also cause the problem.
Engine stalling is an inconvenience for users as it hampers productivity. It also enhances the risk of engine damage.
How To Fix?
- Ensure proper fuel supply: Replace the fuel filter if it is too dirty. Clean the fuel line if it is clogged. Besides, always use fresh fuel to prevent further blockage.
- Check the ignition system: If a component in the ignition system, like the spark plug, spark plug wire, or ignition coil, is faulty, change the defective one.
- Clean the air filter: Use a brush or compressed air to clean the blocked air filter.
- Inspect the crankshaft position sensor: If the sensor seems defective, go to a qualified technician for professional help.
4. Over fueling
Kohler EFI engine can have an over-fueling issue if the fuel pressure regulator becomes faulty or the fuel injector gets clogged. It also happens due to a malfunctioning MAF sensor.
The over-fueling problem burns more fuel than necessary and increases your fuel cost. It also produces more emissions and can enhance the risk of fire hazards.
How To Fix?
- Replace the fuel pressure regulator: If you notice that the fuel pressure regulator delivers too much fuel, replace it immediately.
- Clean the fuel injector: Use a commercial fuel injector cleaner to clean it, as the dirty one can spray excessive fuel. If it is damaged, replace it with a new one.
- Change MAF sensor: A faulty MAF sensor sends the wrong signal and forces the engine system to inject more fuel. If you find it defective, replace it.
5. Starter switch problem
The engine’s starter switch will not work if it is damaged or its connection is loose. Besides, corrosion at the switch terminal and bad wiring can also cause the problem.
When the starter switch has a problem, the engine may not start. Or, you can have difficulty to start the engine.
How To Fix?
- Replace the faulty starter switch: Changing the switch is the only option when it is completely damaged.
- Remove corrosion from the terminal and solenoid: If the starter switch terminals are corroded, remove them using a brush and spray cleaner. Apply the same technique if the starter solenoid is also corroded.
- Reconnect loose connections: If you notice a loose connection in the switch section, reconnect it immediately. If any wire is damaged, replace it with a new one.
6. Fuel starvation
A jammed fuel filter, empty fuel tank, damaged fuel line and defective fuel pressure regulator are the common reasons for the Kohler EFI engine’s fuel starvation.
In such a case, the engine can run rough and stalling can happen. It is harmful to the engine in the long run.
How To Fix?
- Check fuel level: First, notice whether the tank has sufficient fuel. If not, add more fresh fuel to the tank and restart the engine.
- Ensure proper fuel supply: Check if the fuel filter is clogged. Clean the jammed fuel filter if possible. Otherwise, replace it completely.
- Fix or replace the fuel line: If the problem occurs due to a damaged fuel line, try to fix it if possible. Or you can replace it.
- Change faulty regulator: Sometimes, the defective fuel pressure regulator causes the problem. In such a case, change it.
7. Ignition problem
The Kohler EFI engine can have several ignition problems in its lifespan. Its spark plug, ignition coil, distributor cap and ECU can be faulty at any time.
A Kohler EFI engine with an ignition problem will provide you with poor mowing performance. It can also stall and misfire.
How To Fix?
- Change the faulty spark plug and ignition coil: Replace the spark plug if it is damaged or too old. Similarly, change the ignition coil when it is defective.
- Replace cracked distributor cap: If the cap is damaged, change it soon.
- Reset the ECU: If the engine’s electric control unit (ECU) seems problematic, contact a qualified technician to reset its program.
8. Smart choke problem
The Smart Choke is a special feature in Kohler EFI engines. But it can malfunction due to a faulty sensor or defective choke actuator, bad wiring and dirt.
When the function has a problem, it fails to choke. As a result, starting the engine can be difficult.
How To Fix?
- Clean the smart choke unit: If dirty, the unit may not function properly. Clean the unit very carefully without damaging the sensor.
- Check the smart choke acurator: Notice attentively if you find any damage on the acurator. Replace it when you find any wear and tear.
- Inspect the wiring harness: Smart Choke can also malfunction due to bad wiring or defective wiring harness. If you identify a specific problem in the wiring harness, repair it or replace the harness.
Cautions While Fixing Kohler EFI Engine Problems
EFI engines consist of sensitive components. So, you must be extra careful while fixing any of its issues. Keep the following things in mind while handling the engine.
Wait for cooling the engine before working on it:
Working on a hot engine is extremely dangerous. Therefore, you must wait until the engine is properly cool. It usually takes 30 minutes for the engine to be normal. If not, you may need to wait for a few more minutes.
Be careful about electric components:
EFI engines have more electric components than carburetor engines. You must handle them cautiously. A minor damage to one of the small parts can make the engine malfunction. Also, use the right tool while assembling or disassembling specific components.
Avoid electric shock:
Getting an electric shock is possible while handling an EFI engine. To avoid this, disconnect the negative battery terminal first. It will keep your hands safe from unwanted shock. It is always recommended to wear safety glasses and gloves during such activity.
Tighten components properly, not over-tightening:
Tightening components while reassembling the engine is crucial. But you also have to be careful about over-tightening. Avoid excessive force while securing parts.
Take the engine to a technician in extreme cases:
EFI engines have complex engineering. If you try to repair one with no technical knowledge, the opposite can happen. When you are uncomfortable with repair or lack proper tools, you are advised to go to a technician for professional assistance. Otherwise, wrong-fixing attempts can damage the engine entirely.
Frequently Asked Questions [FAQs]
Q. Do Kohler EFI engines have carburetor?
No EFI engine has a carburetor. Rather, the mechanism injects fuel directly injects fuel directly into the engine’s cylinder.
Q. What to do if you cannot identify the exact issue with the engine?
In this case, contact Kohler’s service center or your nearest dealer, who can address the issue and fix it.
Q. Are EFI engines difficult to maintain?
Yes, they have complex mechanisms and engineering, which may require extra care compared to carbureted engines.